Osteopenia is the early stage of osteoporosis. Both are the loss of bone mass and result in a weakening of the bone leading to increased risk of fracture.
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Brief overview of the episode:
Osteoporosis translates to pores bone. This is a condition that is affecting about 3 million Americans right now. More women than men are affected. Osteopenia is the early stage. Where bone density is beginning to deteriorate but has not yet reached a critical stage.
The reason these two conditions are a concern is become weak bones have a greater opportunity to fracture. These can occur without trauma when the condition is sever enough. Most people who are affected by osteoporosis will present with back pain, stopped posture and loss of height. All of these symptoms are a result of fracture to the spine.
The good news is that both osteopenia and osteoporosis can be treated to some extent. Medications, diet changes, and exercises are the prime methods. Physical therapy can help with the exercise portion.
Bones respond to something called “Wolf’s Law” this law states that bones respond to stresses placed on them. When there is low stress the bone loses density. When there is higher stress the bones gain density. This is why exercises is such a valuable tool when treating osteopenia/osteoporosis.